I assume that it's the kindred STR modifier - x 1 for Humans, x 2 for Dwarves, x .25 for Fairies, etc.
I may be remembering this all wrong but in 5th edition, didn't everyone start with at least a D6 damage in Hand-to-Hand (or was it only a flat D6 for all?) Fairies, Hobbits and Leprechauns start with enough challenges when it comes to their STR without punishing them in combat for it too IMHO. I always 'house rule' that everyone gets a D6 to start with; working on the basis that smaller characters can punch their opponent in the eye or some part of the anatomy even more tender (I was thinking the ear canal, what did you have in mind, honestly!?) class="smile" style="max-width:100%;" src="//storage2.proboards.com/forum/images/smiley/cheesy.png"]. For characters with a STR above 10, they get they get their STR divided by 10 rounded down i.e. STR 23 = 2D6, STR 117 = 11D6) This system may be even more brutal for higher level characters but at least it allows your brand new Fairy to have a chance to roll 6 towards their combat total rather than knowing they will get 1 or 2
Yes, 5th edition had a flat 1 die for unarmed combat:
Humans and their humanoid kin roll 1 die for unarmed combat, then add their personal adds. As all hand-held weapons now start with at least 2 dice (as opposed to l-die weapons in the charts of earlier editions), being barehanded is the worst combat situation a character can face. Most of the Hit Point Total will have to be generated from Personal Adds; the one die introduces a slight variability in the outcome.
Note that the section in red is incorrect. There are 2 hand-held weapons that only do 1 die of damage. Can anyone name them?
Shuriken and blowpipe are missile weapons, not hand-held.
Piton hammer is one of the weapons, and a single bagh nakh was the other - the entry reads:
TYPE Dice + Adds ST req. DEX req. Cost Weight Bagh Nakh (tiger claws) (each) 1 2 10 30 15
I think that it's pretty clear that you get 1 die for each bagh nakh used. There's no requirement that you use multiples, after all. Maybe you have only 1 hand, maybe you are using a shield, or maybe you just don't want to stab yourself if you develop an itch...
In any case, you mentioned the two that I was looking for, so I'll pay that answer, lurker37.